By Ansel Beaudoin at September 30 2018 20:00:45
Loan agreements, like any contract, reflect an "offer," the "acceptance of the offer," "consideration," and can only involve situations that are "legal" (a term loan agreement involving heroin drug sales is not "legal"). Loan agreements are documented via their commitment letters, agreements that reflect the understandings reached between the involved parties, a promissory note, and a collateral agreement (such as a mortgage or a personal guarantee). Loan agreements offered by regulated banks are different from those that are offered by finance companies in that banks receive a "banking charter" granted as a privilege and involving the "public trust."
The loan deferment process involves contacting the lender, submitting a deferment application, and undergoing the application process. The actual process can vary by lender. Other factors taken into account include the borrower's credit history, type of loan, and number of payments being deferred. Approval can take less than 24 hours to several weeks.
The loan agreements originated by commercial banks, savings banks, finance companies, insurance organizations, and investment banks are very different from each other and all feed a different purpose. "Commercial banks" and "Savings banks," because they accept deposits and benefit from FDIC insurance, generate loans that incorporate the concepts of the "public trust." Prior to interstate banking, that "public trust" was easily measured by State bank regulators who could see how local deposits were used to fund the working capital needs of local industry and businesses, and the benefits associated with those organization's employment.
Loan deferment is a special financing alternative that lets borrowers skip a payment without receiving derogatory credit reporting. The option to defer payments is available for most types of loans including mortgage, auto, credit cards, and student loans. Debtors must obtain lender approval and abide by deferment policies.
If you are planning to build your own home, the entire process can be extremely overwhelming. There are very few projects you or anyone else can take on that are more stressful and more prone to problems. One of the most dizzying aspects of building your own home is having a grasp on all of the legal agreements and contracts that you will need to enter into to get the job done.