By Frontino Gamelin at September 29 2018 06:14:06
Loan agreements, like any contract, reflect an "offer," the "acceptance of the offer," "consideration," and can only involve situations that are "legal" (a term loan agreement involving heroin drug sales is not "legal"). Loan agreements are documented via their commitment letters, agreements that reflect the understandings reached between the involved parties, a promissory note, and a collateral agreement (such as a mortgage or a personal guarantee). Loan agreements offered by regulated banks are different from those that are offered by finance companies in that banks receive a "banking charter" granted as a privilege and involving the "public trust."
Loan agreements fall into two main types, according to the type of lender, and according to the type of facility. With respect to the type of lender, there are bilateral loans and syndicated loans. Syndicated loans are provided by groups of lenders, and their structuring and arrangement, as well as their administration, are carried out by more than one bank, commercial or investment ones, and the lending banks are also referred to as arrangers.
The content of the loan agreement includes the precise details of the agreement that has transpired between lender and debtor. Not only that, the agreement should also consider the standard government laws that is already in effect or established. Since the laws were created to protect all people, it is beneficial to both parties concerned.
The third section is dedicated to the specifics of the loan transaction; it contains the responsibilities of the borrower and the lender, the measures to be undertaken in the event of the borrower's inability to repay the loan; there is also information on the extent to which changes can be made to the agreement. The third section is drawn up after detailed negotiations between the lender and the borrower.