There are many financial institutions that offer private student loans with bad credit. The only fuss in the deal is the requirements of the financial institutions. Most entities that I know of providing this service would require a Co-borrower or a Co-Signer. This means as a student you and your parents would need to sign on the loan agreement agreeing to repay the loan.
"Investment banks" create loan agreements that cater to the needs of the investors whose funds they attempt to attract; "investors" are always sophisticated and accredited organizations not subject to bank regulatory supervision and the need to cater to the public trust. Investment banking activities are supervised by the SEC and their main focus is on whether the correct or proper disclosures are made to the parties who provide the funds.
It is an unsaid rule in the world of loans that one needs a co-signer to ensure that the student loan gets approved. That said, it does not mean that you would not get loans if you do not have a co-signer to sign on your agreement. There are some lenders in the market who would offer loans to you with you having to worry about the co-signer.
Every day, there are tens of thousands of these agreements signed in the United States by families looking to build their first home and by businesses looking for that next great investment. The construction loan agreement is a short term loan agreement. These types of loans are never made for permanent financing of a project, but simply to help progress construction along or to help finance the initial groundbreaking.